The Achilles tendon is the common tendon attachment of 3 muscles from the leg to the heel bone of the foot. Tears of the Achilles tendon are often caused by a sudden injury. This can occur with running or jumping activities.
The two main types of Achilles tendon injuries are:
- Rupture: Completely torn tendon
- Tendinitis: Inflammation in the tendon
Treatment for Achilles tendon Injuries
The treatment of Achilles tendon ruptures depends upon the age, health, and activity level of the patient as well as the extent of the tendon injury. The leading orthopedic surgeons, such as Dr. Farber in Phoenix, offer both conservative and surgical treatment for Achilles tendon tears.
Older and Less Active Patients
Older, less active and those with severe medical problems which prevent safe surgery, non-surgical treatment is recommended.
Patients with partial tears (less than 50% of the tendon thickness, non-surgical treatment is typically recommended initially. Non-surgical treatment consists of icing, anti-inflammatory medications, casting, activity modifications, physical therapy, and a gradual return to activities as tolerated.
Active, Healthy and Young Patients
Active patients who have complete or partial tendon ruptures (more than 50% of the tendon thickness), surgical treatment is recommended.
Surgical treatment is ideally performed within 2 weeks from the date of the initial injury before the tendon and muscle begin to scar and shorten and make reattachment it to its native position more difficult.
Surgery consists of repairing the ruptured tendon edges back to each other with stitches.
To consult one of the top orthopedic surgeons for Achilles tendon tear treatment in Phoenix AZ, call Phoenix Shoulder and Knee at (480) 219-3342.