The Achilles tendon is the largest and strongest tendon in the body that connects your calf muscle to your heel bone, giving you the ability to walk. Achilles tendonitis is a condition in which the tendon becomes inflamed due to injury or overuse.
Causes of Achilles Tendonitis
A number of things that may lead to Achilles tendonitis include –
- Overuse as in regular running, jumping or dancing activities
- Exercising without inappropriate footwear
- Poor training or exercising techniques
- Sudden change in your training program
- Exercising on hard or sloped surfaces
Achilles Tendonitis Treatment Phoenix
There are a number of treatments that may help. Initially, your doctor would prescribe conservative treatments for patients with inflammation and partial tears representing less than 50% of the tendon thickness. These treatments include icing, anti-inflammatory medications, casting, activity modifications, physical therapy and a gradual return to activities as tolerated.
Over the counter painkillers may help to relieve pain. NSAIDS or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) help to relieve inflammation and pain.
Injections of corticosteroids are effective in cases of Achilles tendonitis. Sometimes injection may be guided by ultrasound for greater accuracy.
For most active, healthy patients with complete tendon ruptures or partial tendon ruptures which represent more than 50% of the tendon thickness, surgical treatment is recommended. Surgery is ideally performed within 2 weeks from the date of the initial injury before the tendon and muscle begin to scar and shorten. Surgery repairs the ruptured tendon edges back to each other with stitches.
To set up a consultation for Achilles tendonitis treatment in Phoenix, call Phoenix Shoulder and Knee clinic at 480-219-3342. Dr. Adam Farber is a Board certified, Fellowship trained and an experienced orthopedic surgeon in Phoenix AZ. He has a particular interest in arthroscopic and reconstructive surgery of the shoulder, elbow, ankle and knee.